Thursday, 14 December 2017

Know more about Gall Bladder Stone Removal

What is gall bladder?

Gall bladder is a pear sized organ that collects and store bile. Bile is a digestive fluid that is produced by the liver. Gall stones are developed in gall bladder and can be removed by performing a common surgery. Dr. P. Radha Krishna is one of best gastro surgeon in Chennai to treat gall stones.

Gall stones are the type of stones that developed in the bile duct or gall bladder. Generally, gall stones are developed after urination. The possibility of developing gall stones increases when high amount of waste products and low amount of water are left in the bladder after urination. Gall stones are basically crystallized minerals.

How many types of gall stones are?

Gall stones are of three types

  • Cholesterol- most frequently appeared due to obesity, pregnancy, rapid loss of weight, crohn’s disease, and high blood triglyceride level.
  • Black pigment- developed due to high destruction of red blood cells.
  • Brown gall stones- occurred due to reduced flow and infection in the bile.

The main cause of developing gall stones are inability to empty bladder fully or making concentrated urine. Enlarge prostate, urinary tract infections and certain bladder problems are responsible for that. Other causes are
  • Weak bladder
  • Urinary or bladder infections
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Damaged urethra

What are the symptoms of gall stones?

The symptoms of gall stones are
  • Frequently urination
  • Problem in urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Obstruction in urine flow
  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Dark colour or cloudy urine

What are the treatment options for gall stones?

Gall bladder stone do not have any permanent type of treatment option. Surgery is the best option to remove gall stones. Treatment plans for removing gall stones are
  • Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Dissolving stones by using drugs made for bile acids
  • Surgery
The Gastro Surgeon, Chennai has excellent facilities to treat gall bladder stones. Dr. P. Radha Krishna is a highly qualified and experienced doctor. He has many years of surgery experience and provides satisfactory services.

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Thursday, 30 November 2017

Bariatric Surgery for Obese and Diabetic Patients

Bariatric Surgery is an option for those who are obese and have not been able to lose enough weight by other methods or have serious obesity-related health problems. The surgery makes the stomach smaller and can alter the small intestine.

Dr. P Radha Krishna is one of the best bariatric surgeons in Chennai. He is a full-time surgical gastroenterologist and laparoscopic surgeon. He consults at SIMS at Chennai. His out of station consultation places includes Guwahati and Dibrugarh.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

There are mainly three types of bariatric operations – gastric band, gastric bypass and gastric sleeve.

Gastric Band: This surgery places an adjustable band around the upper portion of the stomach and hence create a small stomach pouch above the band. The rest of the stomach is below the band

Gastric Bypass: This procedure is carried out with two components. First, a tubular stomach pouch is created by removing a portion of the stomach, similar to the sleeve gastrectomy. Next, a large portion of the small intestine is bypassed.

Gastric Sleeve: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy commonly known as the sleeve is performed by removing approximately 80 percent of the stomach. The remaining stomach is a tubular pouch that resembles a banana.

Bariatric surgery benefits

Health problems related to obesity such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, unhealthy cholesterol levels and sleep apnea can be reduced with the help of this sugery. The quality of life and physical function can be improved by undergoing bariatric surgery.

Potential candidates for Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery may be an option for adults and teens who have severe obesity and obesity-related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure or heart disease.

Obese people tend to withdraw themselves from the social world and mostly lack confidence at all times due to their physical state. Dr. P. Radhakrisha has transformed the lives of many people by making them confident. He has performed numerous bariatric surgeries. He is one of the leading bariatric surgeons in Chennai.

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Friday, 27 October 2017

Pain in the Ass !! How to Cure Anal Fissure ?

Anal fissure is a condition caused by occurring a tear or cut in the anus and which extends upwards into the anal canal.  Anal fissure occurs in anoderm, some specialized tissue that lines the anus and anal canal.  Due to repeated episode of diarrhera and hard stool anal fissure worsens. Pains are severe during bowel movements.


Symptoms of Anal Fissure

  • Itching and irritation around the anus
  • Stool is bright red in color   
  • Anus is surrounded by a visible crack in the skin.
  • Near to the anal fissure there occurs a small lump or skin tag
  • It is better to consult a doctor if you find the presence of blood in stool
  • Pain during bowel movement and presence of stool in the blood is found, need to consult a doctor. 


Anal Fissure Causes

The common causes of anal fissure include passing or hard large stool, childbirth, chronic diarrhea, constipation and straining during bowel movements


Remedies for Anal Fissure

  • Drinking more fluids
  • Eating fibrous food
  • Warm bath (sitz bath )to relax anal muscles.  It relieve pain, itching and irritation
  • Application of topical pain relievers


Prevention Measures for Anal Fissure

  • Immediate treatment during the occurrence of  diarrhea
  • Changing diapers frequently
  • Keeping anal area dry
  • Consumption of fibrous food


Anal Fissure Diagnosis and Evaluation

A fissure can be diagnosed by a careful examination of the anus.  After the application of a topical anesthetic to the anus a vigorous examination can  be done.  A tag of skin at the end of the anus reveals a chronic case of fissure.  An endoscopic evaluation can be done if there is rectal bleeding.  Colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, upper gastrointestinal and small intestinal x-rays are also suggested for the diagnosis and evaluation.

Diseases of intestine, bile duct, liver and pancreas come under the department of Gasteroenterology. Gastroenterology department of SIMS offers best Surgical Gastroenterologist and Laparoscopic services. A team of qualified doctors are behind the success of the hospital. SIMS is the best anal fissure surgery hospital with the best Anal Fissure Surgeon in Chennai.

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Monday, 18 September 2017

Bariatric Surgery : When workouts doesn't help you to reduce your weight

What is bariatric surgery?

Bariatric surgery is an option for people who have a body mass index (BMI) above 40 or between 35 to 40 and also for curing health problems like type 2 diabetes or heart disease. Through bariartric surgery, weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

The most common Bariatric Surgery procedures are the following:

Gastric Bypass

  • The food consumption after the surgery will be restricted to a limit
  • Controlling of gut hormones that results in reducing appetite and enhance satiety

Sleeve Gastrectomy

  • No re-routing of the food stream or use of foreign objects is required
  • Requires only short stay at hospital

Adjustable Gastric Band

  • Involves no cutting of the stomach or rerouting of the intestines
  • Is reversible and adjustable
  • Has lowest rate of vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  • Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
  • Reduces the absorption of fat by 70%
  • Most affective against diabetes
  • Results in greater weight loss

Benefits of bariatric surgery

  • Eliminate obstructive sleep apnea
  • Improve fertility
  • Depression Relief
  • Long-term remission for type 2 diabetes.
  • Improved cardiovascular health
  • Relief for Joint pain 
  • Alleviate other medical conditions

Dr. P. Radha Krishna, leading Bariatric Surgeon In Chennai and  is well known for his treatment of gastrointestinal diseases and obesity surgeries. Being one among the Best gastroenterology specialist in chennai, he have performed many successful bariatric surgery in chennai. For more details
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Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Know more about Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a form of cancer affecting the colon and rectum, which are components of the digestive system. They might begin either in the colon or rectum and have similar symptoms. However, the treatment for these cancers differs based on their origin.  Cancer often creates an aura of fear but with timely treatment, most cases of the disease can be managed.

The colon and rectum together constitute the large intestine. While colon is a muscular tube of about 6 foot, which originates at the end of the small intestine, rectum has a length of about 8 inches and connects the anus with colon. Colon and rectum help in the processing and excretion of waste from our body.

Colorectal cancer is characterised by abnormal cell growth in the form of polyps or tumours. The polyps usually occur in two types, as adenomas or intestinal polyps and hyperplastic polyps. Some of these polyps might be benign.

SIMS offers you the service of the best gastrosurgeon in India for the successful treatment of different gastroenterology diseases. They are also widely acknowledged for advanced colorectal surgery in Chennai.

Causes of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer can occur due to a number of reasons such as hereditary, smoking, excess alcohol consumption, due to a diet that is too rich in animal protein and so on. Factors such as age, obesity, lack of physical activity and Type 2 diabetes are known to contribute to the condition as well.

Irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Lynch syndrome and untreated polyps are also known to lead to the disease.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

Some of the symptoms colorectal cancer includes the following: -
  • Rectal bleeding or cramping
  • Urgency in bowel movement
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Thin, long or pencil like stool
  • Blood in stool
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Vomiting and unexplained weight loss
  • Unexplained deficiency in iron

Treatment for colorectal cancer

The treatment for colorectal cancer is done after a diagnosis of the disease. The various diagnosis tests include faecal occult blood test, stool DNA test, colonoscopy, barium enema x-ray, MRI, ultrasound and so on. The treatment includes different procedures such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy depending on the condition of the patient.

SIMS offers advanced and quality treatment for gastro-intestinal disorders in Chennai.

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Monday, 10 July 2017

What Is Liver Abscess???

Liver abscess is a condition in which a pus filled cyst is developed in the liver. The liver is an organ in the digestive system that helps in the digestive process and performs many other necessary functions such as producing bile to help break down food into energy, creating essential substances like hormones, cleaning toxins from the blood, including those from medication, alcohol and drugs and controlling fat storage and cholesterol production and release. 

Pus is a fluid which is composed of white blood cells and dead cells that develop when the body fights off infection. An abscess occurred with swelling and inflammation in the surrounding area. It can also cause pain and swell in the abdomen. A liver abscess can be dangerous, if it is not treated properly on time.

A liver abscess can occur to anyone. The condition can be developed by infections that directly spread from the nearby structures such as the bile draining tubes, from the intestines or appendix, or carried in the blood stream from other distant parts of the body. A liver abscess can also be the result of any surgery or other strain to the liver.

Treatment For Liver Abscess

The treatment for liver abscess depends on the level of infection. Low level of infection can be treated with the help of antibiotics but high level of infection may need surgery. Surgery includes inserting a needle and placing a drainage catheter into the abscess to eliminate the infection containing pus. A liver biopsy is also performed to analyze overall health of the patient with the help of CT scan and ultrasound.

It is recommended to contact immediately if the person feels pain in lower abdomen, choking or severe difficulty breathing, fever, chills, vomiting and diarrhea. A liver abscess needs medical emergency as it causes serious health problems. 

Dr. P. Radha Krishna is highly praised gastro surgeon in Chennai. He is highly qualified and well-known surgeon with many years of surgery experience.
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Monday, 12 June 2017

Bariatric Surgery : The Fastest Way To Lose Weight

Bariatric Surgery is a procedure which cause weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold which results in malabsorption or by a combination of gastric restriction and malabsorption. Dr. Patta Radhakrishna, one of the best gastro surgeon in India provides bariatric treatment in Chennai at affordable cost.

The most common Bariatric Surgery procedures are the following

1. Gastric Bypass

In this procedure, a small pouch is created by dividing the top of the stomach from the rest of the stomach. Then the first portion of the small intestine is divided and the bottom end of the divided small intestine is brought up and connected to the newly created small stomach pouch. The procedure is then completed by connecting the top portion of the divided small intestine to the small intestine further down.

  • The amount of food consumed will be restricted to a limit
  • Makes favorable changes in gut hormones that results in reducing appetite and enhance satiety

2. Sleeve Gastrectomy

In this procedure approximately 80 percent of the stomach is removed  and the remaining stomach will be a tubular pouch which resembles a banana. 

  • Requires no foreign objects and no re-routing of the food stream
  • Relatively short hospital stay

3. Adjustable Gastric Band

In this procedure an inflatable band that is placed around the upper portion of the stomach and creates a small pouch above the band. The rest of the stomach will be below the band.


  • Involves no cutting of the stomach or rerouting of the intestines
  • Is reversible and adjustable
  • Has lowest rate of vitamin and mineral deficiencies

4. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch

In this procedure a small tubular stomach pouch is created by removing a portion of the stomach and a large portion of the small intestine is bypassed. So that the food patient eats empties directly in to the last segment of the small intestine through the tubular stomach pouch which results in a significant decrease in the absorption of calories and nutrients.


  • Reduces the absorption of fat by 70%
  • Most affective against diabetes
  • Results in greater weight loss
SIMS is a renowned hospital for gastroenterology in India. Here it provides advanced technological treatment for the entire Gastrointestinal Problems.
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Friday, 12 May 2017

Treatment For Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Inflammatory Bowel Disease includes a group of disorders which cause inflammation in the digestive tract. The digestive tract includes the different organs in the body which are responsible for the breaking down of food, digestion and absorption of nutrients, and disposal of waste. They include the oesophagus, mouth, stomach, large intestine and small intestine.

Inflammatory bowel diseases also called IBD, cause a hindrance in the normal functioning of the digestive system and can be disruptive and painful. Chronic cases of IBD can assume life threatening proportions.

Types of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Though IBD is an umbrella term used to denote a number of diseases, the most commonly found IBD diseases are Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Crohn’s disease is caused due to an inflammation of digestive tract lining, mainly in the large and small intestine. Ulcerative Colitis occurs due to long lasting inflammations or ulcers in the inner lining of colon and rectum.


Symptoms of IBD

The symptoms associated with the disease, varies depending on the intensity and site of inflammation. The common symptoms are as follows: -
  • Abdominal cramping or pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue accompanied by fever
  • Reduced appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss


Causes of IBD

The causes of IBD are yet to be ascertained. Though diet and stress factors had thought to potential culprits, they have been disregarded now. A possible cause of the condition would be immune system disorders. The immune system while fighting foreign bodies like viruses and bacteria turns against the cells of the digestive tracts as well causing unusual responses like inflammation.


Treatment for IBD

IBD diseases can be managed to a great extent with the help of medications. The medications administered include anti inflammatory drugs to manage inflammations and immune suppressants to reduce the aggravation of the disease due to immune system malfunction. Antibiotics are used to control the actions of bacteria as well. In severe and long lasting cases of inflammatory bowel disease, surgical procedures are used.

SIMS, offers advanced and quality treatment, specialised in gastroenterology for a wide range of disorders of digestive system.

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Saturday, 29 April 2017

Appendicitis Treatment In Chennai

Appendicitis is a condition caused due to the inflammation or swelling of appendix, a pouch shaped organ attached to the colon at the right side of abdomen. Characterised by severe abdominal pain, appendicitis is more prominently seen in male than females. They are known to commonly make an appearance in people between the age of 10 years and 30 years.

Although mild appendicitis can be treated with medications, most of the cases result in surgery. Appendix removal do not bring about any specific changes to the body. However, appendicitis when left untreated can lead to bursting of appendix, which can prove fatal.

Symptoms of Appendicitis

The symptoms of appendicitis closely resemble those caused due to indigestion and subsequent gas formation. If the symptoms continue to persist, diagnosis tests for appendicitis would be advisable.
Some of the symptoms associated with appendicitis include: -
  • Pain in the lower right side of abdomen
  • Severe pain in the area surrounding the belly button
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Swelling in abdomen
  • A low-grade fever

The abdominal cramps increase in severity with time in the case of appendicitis. Medical attention is necessary in case of persistent pain as appendicitis has the potential to develop into a medical emergency

Causes of Appendicitis

Appendicitis is believed to be caused due to an obstruction in the appendix. A complete obstruction in the organ makes an emergency surgery necessary. The obstruction can occur due to a blockage created by faecal matter due to the trauma, tumours, worms or enlargement of lymphoid follicles. 

The presence of the obstruction leads to development of bacteria which in turn causes infection leading to swelling and inflammation of the appendix.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Appendicitis

Appendicitis can be diagnosed with the help of procedures like abdominal testing, blood analysis, urine analysis and ultrasound or CT scans. 
Treatment for appendicitis might include antibiotic medications, in mild cases and surgery when inflammation cannot be contained with antibiotics alone. The surgical procedure for removal of appendix is called appendectomy. With introduction of laparoscopy, appendectomy has been simplified.

SIMS offers the best gastroenterology treatments in Chennai, with the expertise of a skilled gastro surgeon.

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Saturday, 4 February 2017

Best Way to Lose Weight within a Week

OBESITY” is prevalent among the young generation and the major causes of obesity are found as not eating at the proper time, in taking junk foods, adding more sugary items, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise and the hereditary. Even after following strict diet regimen with proper exercise, one fails to lose weight, then the person may go for Bariatric Surgery to obtain healthy weight as well to rescue from heart, diabetic, sleep apnea, high cholesterol, and hypertension problems.

Bariatric surgery causes weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing nutrients malabsorption or gastric restriction or both. Most of the weight loss surgeries are performed in a minimally invasive procedure, laparoscopic surgery. Gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, sleeve Gastrectomy, Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch are the common bariatric surgeries. Let us see some of the procedures in brief.

Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy: In this procedure, 85% of the stomach is removed leaving a sleeve-shaped stomach. With surgical staples, the new stomach is closed. This procedure can be done either as an open surgery or laparoscopic. Since a part of the stomach is removed, the procedure remains permanent.
Biliopancreatic diversion or BPD: A Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch gastric bypass is quite identical to sleeve Gastrectomy. A part of the stomach is removed and a small portion of the stomach remains. The first portion of the small intestine is divided at the stomach outlet and distal segment is connected to the new stomach.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: Upper part of the stomach is wrapped with a silicone band with saline to create a small pouch above the band. Below the band are the rest of the stomach remains. With the less consumption of food patients feel satiated. After surgery, the opening size can be adjusted by adding or removing saline from the band through a dock under the skin. 40-50% of weight loss is experienced by the patients in this procedure.
Resolves Type 2 diabetes, deters the risk of developing heart diseases, effective for obstructive sleep apnea, improves life expectancy, and results with long term effect.
SIMS Hospital in Chennai is a renowned hospital for its quality and advanced technological treatment for the entire Gastrointestinal Problems, the perfect solution is given by our eminent Dr. Patta Radhakrishna who has a cosmic experience in giving consultation and performing surgeries. For all your queries regarding consultations, surgeries, and others, Chat With Us Now.
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Monday, 23 January 2017

Signs of Stomach Cancer You Shouldn't Ignore

Repair of tissues is a main strategy occurring in the human body which maintains the stability of its components. Tissue deaths are followed by a covering up of the neurotic region by the control over this repair, may lead to uncontrolled growth of tissues causing a tumor. 

Tumors may be malignant. Malignant tumors are referred as cancers. Stomach Cancer is developed in the mucosal walls of stomach. Mass of tissues may project out into the stomach lumen from the linings and also from ulcerated mucosa of stomach. Since malignant, cancer may also spread from the stomach to other parts of the body particularly in the thorax and abdomen including organs like lungs, liver and also bones and the lymph nodes.

Usually no noticeable symptoms are produced in the early stages. Heart burn and indigestion are often noted for those with gastric cancer. Abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, difficult swallowing and blood in stool are also noted.
Occurrence of cancer is lower in females than in males as oestrogen protects women against it. Main causes of gastric cancer are infections from heliobacter pylori, smoking, dietary causes, genetically inherited, obesity, diabetes, gastritis etc. are also causes of gastric cancer.
Treatment is effective only in the earlier stages, i.e, before the cancer has begun to spread. Treatment includes usual cancer therapies. It may include chemotherapy, tangled therapy, radiation therapy and surgical methods like EMR or ESD may be used.
SIMS hospital in Chennai is specialised in dealing with disorders and diseases that affect the stomach. It deals with various diseases like gastric ulcers to gastric cancers.

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