Monday, 9 July 2018

Abdominal pain and Appendicitis

Apendicitis is a sudden swelling up of a small tubular organ the size of the little finger found at the junction of small and large intestine. It presents as sudden shooting pain in the right lower abdomen and does not go away. If ignored or self-medicated for the same it may lead to serious consequences.
appendix removal surgery in chennai

It is not still clear what role the appendix plays in the body. It is said to be a vestigial organ  without any useful role. However, some researches confirm that it has some amount of immune function that helps our system to rebalance after any gastrointestinal disease.

Inflammation of this abdominal organ can serious if not treated on time. Sometimes appendix may burst due to high infection and spreads the infection throughout the body.

Though people can experience appendicitis at any age, most of the teenagers among twenties are suffering a lot.

What are the causes of appendicitis?

The exact cause of appendicitis is unknown. However this condition often develops from 2 reasons i.e. gastrointestinal infection that spreads to the appendix and an obstacle that blocks the appendix opening mostly in the form of a small pellet of stool called ‘faecolith’.

appendix removal surgery in chennai

How is appendix diagnosed?

  • Generally, physical and abdominal examination is done to know the exact site of pain 
  • A Blood test will be taken to find out the white blood cells count to assess the infection level
  • A Urine test will determine the presence of any kidney stones/UTI
  • The Pelvic examination will be performed in women
  • If the above tests do not provide the necessary information, CT/MRI will be done
The treatment varies depends on the severity of appendicitis. Most acute cases can be cured with antibiotics whereas some need surgical intervention in the form of laparoscopic surgery.

Dr. Patta Radhakrishna is well known senior Surgical Gastroenterologist and laparoscopic surgeon who has a vast experience in treating appendicitis treatment in India. He is the most sought-after surgeon for appendix removal surgery in Chennai.

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Tuesday, 3 April 2018

More About Emergency Abdominal Surgery In Chennai

More patients are admitted to emergency units worldwide with symptoms pertaining to the abdomen than any other part of the body. Most of those symptoms are temporary and can be tackled easily with some medications while some require advanced investigations and surgical treatment. The abdomen has many independent organs and each of them can be involved in different disease processes. Surgical treatment is also varied according to the organ involved and the disease process. Notable organs in the abdomen include liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, appendix and large intestine. And one or a combination of these organs can get affected all of a sudden need surgical treatment to set them right.

Candidate for Emergency Abdominal Surgery?

There are many surgical conditions which will require emergency abdominal surgery. This will include acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute intestinal obstruction, Intestinal perforation and a host of other conditions. Most of these are diagnosed by clinical examination and some require a CAT scan or an ultrasound. If not operated immediately, they may lead to some serious abdominal problems. Presently laparoscopy is the usual method to enter the abdomen and in rare cases like an abdominal injury, a laparotomy (opening the abdomen)is required.

Emergency Abdominal Surgery On Time

Most senior surgeons can easily detect the need for emergency surgery and make arrangements to tackle them right away before it is too late. Any unnecessary delay in diagnosing and treating will cause morbidity and sometimes mortality. Based on symptoms, a patient needs to be seen by someone from the surgical team as soon as the patient is brought to the emergency, a quick resuscitation is done and investigations ordered. Based on the results of those investigations an urgent need for surgery is decided and the patient is wheeled into the operation room.

Dr. Patta Radhakrishna, gastro surgeon in Chennai, and his team have immense experience of over 25 years in dealing with emergency abdominal surgery with excellent results. He keeps himself UpToDate with the latest technology and surgical techniques.
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Thursday, 14 December 2017

Know more about Gall Bladder Stone Removal

What is gall bladder?

Gall bladder is a pear sized organ that collects and store bile. Bile is a digestive fluid that is produced by the liver. Gall stones are developed in gall bladder and can be removed by performing a common surgery. Dr. P. Radha Krishna is one of best gastro surgeon in Chennai to treat gall stones.

Gall stones are the type of stones that developed in the bile duct or gall bladder. Generally, gall stones are developed after urination. The possibility of developing gall stones increases when high amount of waste products and low amount of water are left in the bladder after urination. Gall stones are basically crystallized minerals.

How many types of gall stones are?

Gall stones are of three types

  • Cholesterol- most frequently appeared due to obesity, pregnancy, rapid loss of weight, crohn’s disease, and high blood triglyceride level.
  • Black pigment- developed due to high destruction of red blood cells.
  • Brown gall stones- occurred due to reduced flow and infection in the bile.

The main cause of developing gall stones are inability to empty bladder fully or making concentrated urine. Enlarge prostate, urinary tract infections and certain bladder problems are responsible for that. Other causes are
  • Weak bladder
  • Urinary or bladder infections
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Damaged urethra

What are the symptoms of gall stones?

The symptoms of gall stones are
  • Frequently urination
  • Problem in urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Obstruction in urine flow
  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Dark colour or cloudy urine

What are the treatment options for gall stones?

Gall bladder stone do not have any permanent type of treatment option. Surgery is the best option to remove gall stones. Treatment plans for removing gall stones are
  • Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Dissolving stones by using drugs made for bile acids
  • Surgery
The Gastro Surgeon, Chennai has excellent facilities to treat gall bladder stones. Dr. P. Radha Krishna is a highly qualified and experienced doctor. He has many years of surgery experience and provides satisfactory services.

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Thursday, 30 November 2017

Bariatric Surgery for Obese and Diabetic Patients

Bariatric Surgery is an option for those who are obese and have not been able to lose enough weight by other methods or have serious obesity-related health problems. The surgery makes the stomach smaller and can alter the small intestine.

Dr. P Radha Krishna is one of the best bariatric surgeons in Chennai. He is a full-time surgical gastroenterologist and laparoscopic surgeon. He consults at SIMS at Chennai. His out of station consultation places includes Guwahati and Dibrugarh.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

There are mainly three types of bariatric operations – gastric band, gastric bypass and gastric sleeve.

Gastric Band: This surgery places an adjustable band around the upper portion of the stomach and hence create a small stomach pouch above the band. The rest of the stomach is below the band

Gastric Bypass: This procedure is carried out with two components. First, a tubular stomach pouch is created by removing a portion of the stomach, similar to the sleeve gastrectomy. Next, a large portion of the small intestine is bypassed.

Gastric Sleeve: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy commonly known as the sleeve is performed by removing approximately 80 percent of the stomach. The remaining stomach is a tubular pouch that resembles a banana.

Bariatric surgery benefits

Health problems related to obesity such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, unhealthy cholesterol levels and sleep apnea can be reduced with the help of this sugery. The quality of life and physical function can be improved by undergoing bariatric surgery.

Potential candidates for Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery may be an option for adults and teens who have severe obesity and obesity-related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure or heart disease.

Obese people tend to withdraw themselves from the social world and mostly lack confidence at all times due to their physical state. Dr. P. Radhakrisha has transformed the lives of many people by making them confident. He has performed numerous bariatric surgeries. He is one of the leading bariatric surgeons in Chennai.

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Friday, 27 October 2017

Pain in the Ass !! How to Cure Anal Fissure ?

Anal fissure is a condition caused by occurring a tear or cut in the anus and which extends upwards into the anal canal.  Anal fissure occurs in anoderm, some specialized tissue that lines the anus and anal canal.  Due to repeated episode of diarrhera and hard stool anal fissure worsens. Pains are severe during bowel movements.


Symptoms of Anal Fissure

  • Itching and irritation around the anus
  • Stool is bright red in color   
  • Anus is surrounded by a visible crack in the skin.
  • Near to the anal fissure there occurs a small lump or skin tag
  • It is better to consult a doctor if you find the presence of blood in stool
  • Pain during bowel movement and presence of stool in the blood is found, need to consult a doctor. 


Anal Fissure Causes

The common causes of anal fissure include passing or hard large stool, childbirth, chronic diarrhea, constipation and straining during bowel movements


Remedies for Anal Fissure

  • Drinking more fluids
  • Eating fibrous food
  • Warm bath (sitz bath )to relax anal muscles.  It relieve pain, itching and irritation
  • Application of topical pain relievers


Prevention Measures for Anal Fissure

  • Immediate treatment during the occurrence of  diarrhea
  • Changing diapers frequently
  • Keeping anal area dry
  • Consumption of fibrous food


Anal Fissure Diagnosis and Evaluation

A fissure can be diagnosed by a careful examination of the anus.  After the application of a topical anesthetic to the anus a vigorous examination can  be done.  A tag of skin at the end of the anus reveals a chronic case of fissure.  An endoscopic evaluation can be done if there is rectal bleeding.  Colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, upper gastrointestinal and small intestinal x-rays are also suggested for the diagnosis and evaluation.

Diseases of intestine, bile duct, liver and pancreas come under the department of Gasteroenterology. Gastroenterology department of SIMS offers best Surgical Gastroenterologist and Laparoscopic services. A team of qualified doctors are behind the success of the hospital. SIMS is the best anal fissure surgery hospital with the best Anal Fissure Surgeon in Chennai.

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Monday, 18 September 2017

Bariatric Surgery : When workouts doesn't help you to reduce your weight

What is bariatric surgery?

Bariatric surgery is an option for people who have a body mass index (BMI) above 40 or between 35 to 40 and also for curing health problems like type 2 diabetes or heart disease. Through bariartric surgery, weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

The most common Bariatric Surgery procedures are the following:

Gastric Bypass

  • The food consumption after the surgery will be restricted to a limit
  • Controlling of gut hormones that results in reducing appetite and enhance satiety

Sleeve Gastrectomy

  • No re-routing of the food stream or use of foreign objects is required
  • Requires only short stay at hospital

Adjustable Gastric Band

  • Involves no cutting of the stomach or rerouting of the intestines
  • Is reversible and adjustable
  • Has lowest rate of vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  • Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
  • Reduces the absorption of fat by 70%
  • Most affective against diabetes
  • Results in greater weight loss

Benefits of bariatric surgery

  • Eliminate obstructive sleep apnea
  • Improve fertility
  • Depression Relief
  • Long-term remission for type 2 diabetes.
  • Improved cardiovascular health
  • Relief for Joint pain 
  • Alleviate other medical conditions

Dr. P. Radha Krishna, leading Bariatric Surgeon In Chennai and  is well known for his treatment of gastrointestinal diseases and obesity surgeries. Being one among the Best gastroenterology specialist in chennai, he have performed many successful bariatric surgery in chennai. For more details
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Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Know more about Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a form of cancer affecting the colon and rectum, which are components of the digestive system. They might begin either in the colon or rectum and have similar symptoms. However, the treatment for these cancers differs based on their origin.  Cancer often creates an aura of fear but with timely treatment, most cases of the disease can be managed.

The colon and rectum together constitute the large intestine. While colon is a muscular tube of about 6 foot, which originates at the end of the small intestine, rectum has a length of about 8 inches and connects the anus with colon. Colon and rectum help in the processing and excretion of waste from our body.

Colorectal cancer is characterised by abnormal cell growth in the form of polyps or tumours. The polyps usually occur in two types, as adenomas or intestinal polyps and hyperplastic polyps. Some of these polyps might be benign.

SIMS offers you the service of the best gastrosurgeon in India for the successful treatment of different gastroenterology diseases. They are also widely acknowledged for advanced colorectal surgery in Chennai.

Causes of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer can occur due to a number of reasons such as hereditary, smoking, excess alcohol consumption, due to a diet that is too rich in animal protein and so on. Factors such as age, obesity, lack of physical activity and Type 2 diabetes are known to contribute to the condition as well.

Irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Lynch syndrome and untreated polyps are also known to lead to the disease.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

Some of the symptoms colorectal cancer includes the following: -
  • Rectal bleeding or cramping
  • Urgency in bowel movement
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Thin, long or pencil like stool
  • Blood in stool
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Vomiting and unexplained weight loss
  • Unexplained deficiency in iron

Treatment for colorectal cancer

The treatment for colorectal cancer is done after a diagnosis of the disease. The various diagnosis tests include faecal occult blood test, stool DNA test, colonoscopy, barium enema x-ray, MRI, ultrasound and so on. The treatment includes different procedures such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy depending on the condition of the patient.

SIMS offers advanced and quality treatment for gastro-intestinal disorders in Chennai.

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