Appendicitis is a condition caused due to the inflammation or swelling of appendix, a pouch shaped organ attached to the colon at the right side of abdomen. Characterised by severe abdominal pain, appendicitis is more prominently seen in male than females. They are known to commonly make an appearance in people between the age of 10 years and 30 years.
Although mild appendicitis can be treated with medications, most of the cases result in surgery. Appendix removal do not bring about any specific changes to the body. However, appendicitis when left untreated can lead to bursting of appendix, which can prove fatal.
Symptoms of Appendicitis
The symptoms of appendicitis closely resemble those caused due to indigestion and subsequent gas formation. If the symptoms continue to persist, diagnosis tests for appendicitis would be advisable.
Some of the symptoms associated with appendicitis include: -
- Pain in the lower right side of abdomen
- Severe pain in the area surrounding the belly button
- Nausea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Swelling in abdomen
- A low-grade fever
The abdominal cramps increase in severity with time in the case of appendicitis. Medical attention is necessary in case of persistent pain as appendicitis has the potential to develop into a medical emergency
Causes of Appendicitis
Appendicitis is believed to be caused due to an obstruction in the appendix. A complete obstruction in the organ makes an emergency surgery necessary. The obstruction can occur due to a blockage created by faecal matter due to the trauma, tumours, worms or enlargement of lymphoid follicles.
The presence of the obstruction leads to development of bacteria which in turn causes infection leading to swelling and inflammation of the appendix.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Appendicitis
Appendicitis can be diagnosed with the help of procedures like abdominal testing, blood analysis, urine analysis and ultrasound or CT scans.
Treatment for appendicitis might include antibiotic medications, in mild cases and surgery when inflammation cannot be contained with antibiotics alone. The surgical procedure for removal of appendix is called appendectomy. With introduction of laparoscopy, appendectomy has been simplified.
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