Bariatric surgery is a weight loss surgery adopted by people suffering from obesity conditions. This weight loss surgery is carried out by, reducing the stomach size, removing a portion of stomach, re-routing the small intestine to small stomach pouch.
The serious condition of obesity, which is a chronic disorder, is hard to be treated with diet control and exercise alone. Bariatric surgery is an option for those who are not losing their weight by any other means or to those who are at serious medical condition due to overweight. Studies show that this surgery helps to lose of weight for a significantly long term and helps the people to recover from diabetes and cardiovascular risk factor, reducing the mortality to a greater extend.
Types of Bariatric Surgery:
There are four types of Bariatric surgeries to reduce the overweight condition.
- Adjustable Gastric Band
- Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with a Duodenal Switch
- Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy
Each one has its own benefit and risks. Doctor and patient together have to take the effort to choose the apt surgery among these, depending upon the health as well as other condition of the patients.
a) Adjustable Gastric Band:
Here a small bracelet type band is placed at the upper part of the stomach to which the throat opens to. A reduced opening is provided so that only less food is intaken through the throat. A balloon is placed inside the band which gets inflated and deflated with the amount of saline solution required to meet the needs of the patients.
b) Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy:
This is an emerging surgical procedure where almost 85% of stomach is being removed and only a small sleeve shape of stomach remains. This sleeve shaped stomach is closed with staples. This is an irreversible process as a greater part of stomach is removed from the body.
c) Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass:
Here in this surgery, the upper portion of the stomach is divided from the rest of the stomach portion and this portion is connected to the bottom part of the small intestine. This helps in reduced intake of food as the stomach portion is very small. A little amount of intake will give us a feeling of fullness and only less calorie is absorbed from the food.
d) Biliopancreatic Diversion with a Duodenal Switch:
This surgery deals with the removal of a small part of stomach and the first portion of small intestine is divided at the outlet of stomach. This distal segment of small intestine is then connected to the new reduced stomach.
Advantages of Bariatric Surgery:
- Reduces the food amount that stomach can hold.
- Excess weight loss of 40-50% approximately.
- Almost all surgeries are reversible and adjustable.
- Lower risk of vitamin and mineral deficiency.
- Produces significant long term weight loss.
- Reduces absorption of fat by 70% or more.
The Gastro Surgeon gives you the best bariatric surgery in Chennai, helping you resolve your obesity and overweight and keeping you out of reach of heart diseases or diabetes. Our skilled and experienced surgeons are at your service aiming at your betterment.
For more details visit us on : http://www.thegastrosurgeon.com/
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